Web Hostings and Domains…

In order to understand the relationship between Web Hosting and Domains, we need to understand them individually first. Let’s start from the Domains. They are the binary codes that people see in a translated version to visit your website in a “.com” form instead of 123.456.789.123/mybusiness/ instead of “mybusiness.com”. Having a domain name simply means putting your number in a telephone directory where people can look up your name and give you a ring. In this case, the computer.
Web hosting refers to an empty room that you occupy before starting your business. This rented space will inhabit your site files by placing them on different furniture as of in framework applications. Without it, your domain name would remain disconnected from the rest of the world. The site files are the products and services that your business offers which you would not able to make visible to the visitors. So in summary, the visitor types or click on to your domain name which is then translated to Internet Protocol addresses by the computer and then the webhost sends the visitor to your site files i.e. your products and services on your web page. Hence in order to have a website, you need to have all three of them!
The scale of web hosting services is vast. Web page hosting and small file hosting are the most fundamental services in which files are uploaded via File Transfer Protocol or FTP. This service is usually free of charge by many Internet Service Providers ISP. Business website hosting services are at a higher expense as compared to personal website hosting which is free, sponsored by advertisements or at a nominal cost.

TYPES OF WEB HOSTING:

1. FREE WEB HOSTING SERVICE: offer limited services as compared to paid ones; could sometimes be supported by advertisements.
2. SHARED WEB HOSTING SERVICE: this is the type of web hosting where a website is placed on a server with hundreds and thousands of other websites. Again the features provided are limited and pretty basic
3. RESELLER WEB HOSTING SERVICE: converts clients in to web hosts themselves.
4. VIRTUAL DEDICATED SERVER: divides server resource into virtual server. It is also called Virtual Private Server or VPS.
5. DEDICATED HOSTING SERVICE: the user has full controls of his server however, he doesn’t own the server. Maintenance and security of the server is client’s own responsibility.
6. MANAGED HOSTING SERVICE: the user does get his own server but he doesn’t get full controls like dedicated hosting service. The server gets this type of service on lease basis. Since the user is not allowed full controls of configuration, the provider assures quality of service.
7. COLOCATION WEB HOSTING SERVICE: it is the most expensive type of web hosting service. The user owns the colo server and the provider provides space, maintenance, internet and power.
8. CLOUD HOSTING: relatively new type consisting of clustered load- balanced servers and utility bills.
9. CLUSTERED HOSTING: have multiple servers with same content.
10. GRID HOSTING: the server consists of multiple nodes and acts as a grid.

Domain names system or DNS forms the rules and procedures of the domain names. The domain name registrars manage the registration of the domain names. DNS hierarchy can be explained in levels; top-level, second-level and third –level and their selling is dealt by domain name registrars. Purchasing a domain name makes you a domain owner giving you the exclusive not the legal right to use the domain. In 2010, the number of active domains hit a massive 196million. Top, second and third level domains are described below:
TOP- LEVEL: (TLD)
Includes generic TLDs or gTLDS i.e. com, info, net, org

Country code top-level domains:
ccTLDs were first registered in 1985 such as .uk,.il,.us. .au, .de, .fi, .fr, .jp, .kr, .nl and .se were registered in the following year of 1986.

They were assigned by Internet Assigned Numbers Authority since 2010 as Internationalized country codes comprising of local language characters when displayed on the visitor’s computer.

SECOND LEVEL DOMAINS:
It refers to the organization or the business name that registered to the domain name registrar. For example, mybusiness.com; mybusiness is the second level domain of the .comTLD
Since July 10th, 2010, anyone can register a .co domain. Some examples of second level domains are Twitter (t.co),AngelList(Angel.co),ENTER(Enter.co),500 Startups(Startups.co),Aspen Group(Aspen.co)and Google Inc(g.co). Some companies likes Star Bucks and American Express are using .co to shorten up the URL by the use of (sbux.co) and (amex.co) respectively.

THIRD LEVEL DOMAINS:
They resemble very much to the IANA .com/ .net/ .org/ .gov/.mil/ .edu with an addition of an identical national .name and they indicate to a locally pertinent business, organizations, academic institutions and government.
Some examples are as under:
• com.cocommercial
• org.coorganizations
• edu.coeducational
• gov.cogovernment
• net.conetwork infrastructure
• mil.comilitary
• nom.coprivate person

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