Sports refer to all forms of physical activity that promotes a healthy competition and also provides entertainment to the participants. The association of all the largest sports federations describes sports in the following way:

A sport should have an element of competition, not cause any harm to any living creature, not depend upon a sole supplier (excluding arena football), and not rely on any “luck” element specially designed in.


They also recognized that sports could be:


        i.            Physical for e.g. rugby or athletics

        ii.            Intellectual or involving mental abilities for e.g. chess or go

        iii.            Motorized for e.g. Formula 1 or power boating

        iv.            Co-ordination for e.g. billiard sports

         v.            Animal supported for e.g. equestrian


Digging back into the history of sports, it has been observed that the ancient Chinese participated in different forms of games as early as 2000BC.Gymnastics was a very famous sport there. Egyptians were also very active in sports like swimming, fishing, javelin throwing, high jump and wrestling. Polo, jousting and martial arts originated from Persia.


The famous Olympic Games were invented by Greece. It was held in a small village in Olympia. Only amateurs were allowed to play the games as the professionals were thought to have an unfair advantage. However, times are changed now. Only boxing and wrestling are played as on amateur levels and rest of all have professional level players.


Some suggested different criteria for sports which are as under:














The addition or combination of the results of individuals gives the final “team” result.

For e.g. relays and synchronized swimming.




A quantitative sport is the one in which the result depends upon calculable quantity. Scoring can be done by humans and the final winner is decided based upon the gained scores. Whereas in qualitative sport, such as mountain climbing, cave diving and sailing around the globe, the decision is based upon exceptional achievement.





In relative sports such as boxing, the judges adjust the marks depending upon the rivals. Running events are absolute sports.




There is the difference of using artificial intelligence to judge. For e.g. athletic dancing cannot be judged by artificial intelligence but with an artistic brain.




Is the athlete is the one providing the energy  e.g. darts or is it generated by other like car, horse and target shooting.




Running is a sport in which involves physiology more than precision. Whereas, archery and bowling could be easily labeled as those requiring precision more than physiology.




This criterion depends upon the attitude of the individual that whether he /she wants to take that sport as merely a leisure activity or wishes to take it to competition level.  By this, I do not mean to say that leisure sports are easy and less physically demanding.


There could be other possibilities as well to define sports however; every game should be played with fairness. The participants should retain the sense of healthy competition throughout the game and must show sportsman spirit, avoid cheating in any form, stay away from violence and steer clear of illegal drugs to increase their performance.


“Talent wins games, but teamwork and intelligence wins championships.”

__ Michael Jordan.


 Benjamin Franklin said “If you can’t pay for a thing, don’t buy it. If you can’t get paid for it, don’t sell it. Do this, and you will have calm and drowsy nights, with all of the good business you have now and none of the bad. If you have time, don’t wait for time”.

Trading online can be both fun and a head ache. There are few basic differences between a brick and mortar (B&M) and online selling and buying which I will try to explain in the following:


  • As a customer, you have the flexibility of more choices and comparison of prices all on your screen.
  • Saves time to actually travel to the shop and saves your fuel costs.
  • You can order anything from any part of the world.
  • Discount coupons works more efficiently online as compared to physically taking the coupon and waiting to get the amount debited to your account.
  • No queuing.
  • Shopping is often difficult with toddlers. You can easily get distracted. Online shopping gives you the opportunity to shop with a peace of mind, at your own pace, with a good look around on other websites.
  • Grocery shopping is another benefitted area. If it’s bad weather outside or you may not want to carry your heavy bags from the shop to your and then from your car to your home or you are travelling and may not want to carry large bags of groceries with you, you can simply order online and your items would be delivered to your doorstep.
  • You can allow your kids to use your credit card while you could be watching your favourite show without having you taking your kids to the shop for authorization.
  • You can easily select gifts, get them packed and posted from your behalf without you doing everything!
  • All this looks nice, only if your internet connection is running smooth. Slow internet makes shopping online more boring.
  • There are high chances of the online sites to be unable to function properly than a store itself to close down.
  • You definitely need to be able to use online money. You can’t pay cash while purchasing an online item.
  • Billing errors are not so infrequent.
  • You cannot have the feel of the product for e.g. the texture of the dress, the correct size for your shoulder bag, the feel of the high heels themselves.
  • Some online stores have a bizarre returns policy which makes returning an item a hell lot difficult.
  • With online shopping you don’t get the human dealing factor. It’s all machines!
  • High shipping and postage could actually cost you an item more than if you bought it from a store.
  • Your credit card might get insecure access.




  • Virtually, you can sell anything online. There are no charges or fee for it.
  • Good pictures, comprehensive listing for the items, delivering the merchandize quickly are the requirements of world ‘s reputed eBay.com
  • Don’t jump for big. If you are a new seller, its best for you to begin on a small scale with low –cost items and do mention the least price you are willing to accept.
  • Be honest about your merchandize. If there is any fault in your product, please mention it clearly. Customers like honest sellers and it will build your reputation.
  • Be careful with the scammers. They might send you an email imitating a customer and ask for your bank details. Reputed selling websites have dedicated staff to check for that.
  • The availability of online access anytime of the day, sellers have a better chance to sell the product i.e. 24 hours a day 7 days a week.
  • Your product could be seen online by the customers in any part of the world.
  • Sellers do not need to own a commercial place to keep their products. They can do their business from home which might interfere the work and family time balance.
  • The downside is that since customers are not physically present, this might be a little disturbing.
  • No fixed hours of working
  • You need to assure that your site is up and running all the time.


Hence, the above mentioned points may lead you to think that Okay so if I need to start selling online, I have got two options. Either to sell on established websites like Amazon.com, eBay.com or to have my own website. The advantages and disadvantages of having your own website are as under:

  • There is no fee
  • You can personally interact with your customers
  • You can design all the framework applications as per your interest.
  • You have to work long hours
  • You will need to attract your viewers to view your website continuously.
  • You cannot immediately start selling your product i.e. you need to built your site, then do its marketing etc.

Whether you are choosing online selling as your second job or your main source of income, it is imperative that you know your product inside out. Do good research about what you are going to sell? Who is going to buy it? And then start low aiming to gradually build you up.

If you decide to go for online market places like amazon.com and eBay.com , although they are fast, very easy to use and can immediately merchandize your products to hundreds and thousands of potential customers, they still have their disadvantages. For e.g., they might have high listing fee or they might have some rigid policies, very high competition among the sellers etc.

To conclude, buying and selling online has both advantages and disadvantages. We are humans and our priorities , likings and dislikings change throughout our lives. Online trading has actually open more commodities for both consumers and the sellers. So with a watchful eye, we can reap its maximum benefits whenever and however we like.

Web Hostings and Domains…

In order to understand the relationship between Web Hosting and Domains, we need to understand them individually first. Let’s start from the Domains. They are the binary codes that people see in a translated version to visit your website in a “.com” form instead of 123.456.789.123/mybusiness/ instead of “mybusiness.com”. Having a domain name simply means putting your number in a telephone directory where people can look up your name and give you a ring. In this case, the computer.
Web hosting refers to an empty room that you occupy before starting your business. This rented space will inhabit your site files by placing them on different furniture as of in framework applications. Without it, your domain name would remain disconnected from the rest of the world. The site files are the products and services that your business offers which you would not able to make visible to the visitors. So in summary, the visitor types or click on to your domain name which is then translated to Internet Protocol addresses by the computer and then the webhost sends the visitor to your site files i.e. your products and services on your web page. Hence in order to have a website, you need to have all three of them!
The scale of web hosting services is vast. Web page hosting and small file hosting are the most fundamental services in which files are uploaded via File Transfer Protocol or FTP. This service is usually free of charge by many Internet Service Providers ISP. Business website hosting services are at a higher expense as compared to personal website hosting which is free, sponsored by advertisements or at a nominal cost.


1. FREE WEB HOSTING SERVICE: offer limited services as compared to paid ones; could sometimes be supported by advertisements.
2. SHARED WEB HOSTING SERVICE: this is the type of web hosting where a website is placed on a server with hundreds and thousands of other websites. Again the features provided are limited and pretty basic
3. RESELLER WEB HOSTING SERVICE: converts clients in to web hosts themselves.
4. VIRTUAL DEDICATED SERVER: divides server resource into virtual server. It is also called Virtual Private Server or VPS.
5. DEDICATED HOSTING SERVICE: the user has full controls of his server however, he doesn’t own the server. Maintenance and security of the server is client’s own responsibility.
6. MANAGED HOSTING SERVICE: the user does get his own server but he doesn’t get full controls like dedicated hosting service. The server gets this type of service on lease basis. Since the user is not allowed full controls of configuration, the provider assures quality of service.
7. COLOCATION WEB HOSTING SERVICE: it is the most expensive type of web hosting service. The user owns the colo server and the provider provides space, maintenance, internet and power.
8. CLOUD HOSTING: relatively new type consisting of clustered load- balanced servers and utility bills.
9. CLUSTERED HOSTING: have multiple servers with same content.
10. GRID HOSTING: the server consists of multiple nodes and acts as a grid.

Domain names system or DNS forms the rules and procedures of the domain names. The domain name registrars manage the registration of the domain names. DNS hierarchy can be explained in levels; top-level, second-level and third –level and their selling is dealt by domain name registrars. Purchasing a domain name makes you a domain owner giving you the exclusive not the legal right to use the domain. In 2010, the number of active domains hit a massive 196million. Top, second and third level domains are described below:
Includes generic TLDs or gTLDS i.e. com, info, net, org

Country code top-level domains:
ccTLDs were first registered in 1985 such as .uk,.il,.us. .au, .de, .fi, .fr, .jp, .kr, .nl and .se were registered in the following year of 1986.

They were assigned by Internet Assigned Numbers Authority since 2010 as Internationalized country codes comprising of local language characters when displayed on the visitor’s computer.

It refers to the organization or the business name that registered to the domain name registrar. For example, mybusiness.com; mybusiness is the second level domain of the .comTLD
Since July 10th, 2010, anyone can register a .co domain. Some examples of second level domains are Twitter (t.co),AngelList(Angel.co),ENTER(Enter.co),500 Startups(Startups.co),Aspen Group(Aspen.co)and Google Inc(g.co). Some companies likes Star Bucks and American Express are using .co to shorten up the URL by the use of (sbux.co) and (amex.co) respectively.

They resemble very much to the IANA .com/ .net/ .org/ .gov/.mil/ .edu with an addition of an identical national .name and they indicate to a locally pertinent business, organizations, academic institutions and government.
Some examples are as under:
• com.cocommercial
• org.coorganizations
• edu.coeducational
• gov.cogovernment
• net.conetwork infrastructure
• mil.comilitary
• nom.coprivate person


Internet Marketing

Nearly 2 billion people of the world use internet on daily basis. They just cannot function without internet. If I look into my own life, I would go point blank if there is no internet. It would simply mean that I would be disconnected from work, family, friends and God knows who! I am pretty sure that many of the readers would agree to my proposed fright. It’s a fact that in this day and age, life without internet is nothing. Our lives revolve around connecting with people and sharing information.
The idea of sharing information just not remains constrained within the circle of your family and friends. The internet junkies like myself happens to occur all around the globe. And if this sharing of information which we can now easily call as online-marketing, e-marketing, i-marketing or Web-marketing, starts filling our pockets then Whola!!!
Even gone are the days when you have to be a Microsoft Engineer with some lavishing software degree in hand to put your feet in this world. There is a place for everyone. All you have got to do is a computer with internet, a comfy chair and big mug of your favourite coffee. That’s it really! Because for the rest we are here to give you some expert tips:
TIP No. 1: Determine your strengths:
You have got to sit down and ask yourself honestly this question. What is one thing that you really love to do and you know very well about?
Next, practically think about converting your best loved object into a money making opportunity. In this you will have to justify yourself that there is a potential business opportunity. Furthermore it is crucially important that you know your product/brand /services thoroughly. It is not only easier to describe something that you yourself love and know everything about but it also makes working for that cause less like a work and more fun.
TIP No.2: Make yourself visible:
Being searchable is not enough. You have got to be the first one people look at. It is commonly seen that businesses appearing on the top most of the list have a better success rate than appearing on subsequent pages. Similarly, certain words or phrases work best for a website to become visible on search. All this and more are dealt by Search Engine Optimizers or SEO. Websites do seek help from SEO services in order to increase their visibility and at a better position i.e. top of the list.
TIP No. 3: Be Active on Social Media:
Whether its Face book, twitter, pin it, Google plus, iTunes, tumblr or anyone, if you don’t do networking you are nowhere but slow. It’s crucially important for your income that your marketing strategy is focused and targeted. Being marketed on social media sites like these, you guarantee yourself a large chunk of potential buyers. Look for such discussion groups that relate with your business and take active participation in them. This would help your potential customers to get first hand information regarding your business.
Tip No. 4: Satisfy your customers
We all want our earnings to keep coming and rising. A satisfied customer whether physically dealt or online contacted is the most promising way of increasing your business. Always handle each and every customer with utmost care as the positive feedback generated by individuals spreads quicker than anything. Make sure you are able to meet all the requirements of your customer and even if you couldn’t the customer should always return happy from your site.
Tip No. 5: Be up-to-date
No matter how beautiful your website may be, if it’s not pertinent people would lose interest. If you are promoting a sale in relation to a specific event, make sure that it’s done on time.
Tip No. 6: Staying connected
Maintain the list of email addresses of your website visitors and then continue sending them information regarding promotions and any updates regarding the business you are marketing. You can send them special discount vouchers, reminders for closing of sale or it could just be regarding how well your website is spoken about in social media.
Tip No. 7: Break the language barrier.
With an outstanding 329 million native speakers, Spanish is the second most fluently spoken language in US alone. So if you want to increase your horizons, translate your website into Spanish, French, Arabic or Chinese languages to increase the chances of meeting your target audience.